Both were born into well-to-do hasidic families
in Poland and both went on to become leaders of the Polish
Bund, a Jewish Socialist party which opposed Zionism. They
escaped to Russia during the German invasion of Poland,
but, were later captured and executed in 1941.
Vicktor Alter was also a leader of various
Jewish trade unions in Poland. Learn more...
Henryk Erlich was also a journalist. Learn
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